rat control


Pest inspection is one of the most important parts of buying a property. Knowing that Your new home is free of pests, would mean that it has the potential to be as comfortable as possible. Homeowners have so many Jobs to keep up to make sure that everything in their household runs smoothly.

Ignoring pest control especially in your own household can cause a substantial amount of damage in the future. Prevention is always better than regrets. With pest control, a property owner can feel more confident about their home being safe from pests like termites, rat, cockroaches etc., running around their property. Written below are three out of a million reasons why you should never ignore having a pest control.


Food is always present in a household. Contaminations caused by pests such as mice, flies and cockroaches result in health problems. Some conditions like Salmonella, Hepatitis and E. Coli are caused by pests that have contacted the food. These foodborne illnesses can be fatal if not treated or prevented. The hazards that correlate with pests enter food in one of two ways:  direct contact of the filth into food or food-contact surfaces by the metabolic products released by those pests and the bacterium that they carry.


When you talk about pests, people mostly refer to bugs, but rat infestation also exists. Rats are attracted to many kinds of food, even the garbage in our home or neighbourhood. If you ask yourself, would you let rats become your housemate? Rats have a fast rate of reproduction, and also, houses have small access points that rats use to create a breeding environment. Once they explode in population, rats will start to damage your furniture, leave dirt on the corners of your home; go through your food that could cause contamination and chew the electric wiring that can also result to accidental fire. Once tolerated, rats make the most of your household that could harm you in many ways possible.


Your house will most probably become sawdust. It would take a long time for anything serious to happen, in all seriousness. Thus, it does not mean than you should take it for granted. Termites live from the cellulose of wood, and your house has vast amounts of this material, they will go for it and chew it. If you plan on selling your property in the future and termites were found after an inspection, it worth will lessen a lot. Having your property free from termites by having it controlled will make a very big difference.

Most home or property owners tend to ignore having pest inspections and pest controls in the belief that the pests will move out on their own, which is false. Some make DIY ways to lessen them but with no professional help.

Seeking help from a pest control company is the best way to controlling an infestation of pests. Unfortunately, pests don’t move out of their own free will. They have a warm shelter that can protect them from the harsh weather outside and with access to food and water. Why would they want to leave? They’ll stay no matter how often you clean up. Ignoring pest infestations will give you a hard time. And as time goes by, you will eventually see the effects of pests in your household. If you want to see the end of pests, you might want to stop ignoring them and give them an eviction notice — Defence Pest Management

Understanding Termites: Defend your Home or Building from Termite Damage

queen termite

Here at Defence Pest Management, we think that it is important that we understand the habits of termites and their biology. Termites are similar in behaviour to ants and bees. Within the colony, there are several different levels of social structure. These castes are all very important for the maintenance, defence is species dependent and may vary from a few hundred to a few hundred thousand and sometimes into the millions.

Within the colony, the individual groups or castes has a specific duty, i.e. the workers work is to build the nest while soldiers defend the nest. The reproductive’s, king and queen, ensure the survival by producing more workers and more soldiers. They even produce young reproductive’s that take to flight once or twice a year to create new colonies. The soldier castes are important for us as pest managers, for it is the soldier caste that allows us to identify the termite species. We can then evaluate the risk of termite infestation and possible economic loss. Then just to complicate matters a little bit further, the pest controller needs to understand whether they are dealing with species of termites that only have one nest or a species that has many nests.

The life cycle of the termite is, king/queen who produced the eggs that hatch to form nymphs these developing nymphs than in turn may form supplementary reproductive’s, the worker-soldier or developing alate. Alates are wing termites that we see most commonly in Brisbane in the early summer when the storms are developing, and there is high humidity. It is not uncommon for our telephone to start ringing early in the morning with concerned homeowners about the termites they have found walking around the bath or floor. These alates are very poor flyers and are attracted by light. As I said earlier is very difficult for a termite colony to develop and survive and normally inside a well-constructed home it would be impossible, but it does serve as a good reminder to homeowners to have an inspection.

A new colony can be established from young reproductive’s that have taken the flight. These winged reproductive’s look to establish a colony in a suitable location with a very specific set of circumstances required not only for the establishment of a nest, but it’s long-term survival. These circumstances will include a good water source decayed timber and then an abundant source of timber. Very few of the tens of thousands of termites that are released from colonies successfully establish a colony and then only one or two percent of these go on to survive long-term.

The original king and queen can have a lifespan of more than 20 years. As the vitality of their egg laying declines, they may be replaced by supplementary reproductive is thus ensuring the survival of the colony. Workers are blind, and the most numerous. Their role in the nest is the collection of food, construction, maintenance of the nest, work in the nursery and look after the king and queen. For pest controllers, the workers are very important for treatment. When termiticide dust or foam is used, it is most important that the largest number of workers are treated because these workers will take the toxic ant back to the nest destroying the King and the Queen, and hence the nest.


As mentioned earlier soldiers defend the colony, they are unable to feed themselves, and this is very important when it comes to some treatments. The number of soldiers present, relative to the number of workers, changes when termite colonies are treated and this is an indication of the progress of any termite elimination.

At Defence Pest Management, part of the training of our technicians is that we instill in them a good understanding of the biology of the termite and the termite nest. This transfers into good inspection processes being undertaken for you, the homeowner, because we understand how termites work and live, and how they can gain entry into your home or building.

This knowledge of their biology allows us to recommend the most suitable treatments to protect your most valuable asset. With this knowledge and understanding of termites and thus using the most suitable treatment, not only are we protecting your valuable asset, we are also protecting your well-being by no unnecessary treatments. When you combine this with a well-trained technician who understands how houses are constructed, how termites can enter a building, and bypass physical or chemical barriers – you are sure to get the most efficient recommendations for termite treatment.

When the technician understands the species of termite, he will successfully and with authority, make recommendations for treatment. This is important. We have found other companies only treating one nest in a species of termites that are multi-nesting. Yes, the nest has been destroyed, but the risk to the property has not been reduced. Conversely, we have seen unnecessary and expensive treatments around properties where the destruction of a single colony is all that was necessary.

As part of our training at Defence Pest Management, all our technicians regularly attend various seminars and training courses in the latest procedures and products. We keep up-to-date with the latest building processes and construction methods as we have an understanding how termites may enter a dwelling or building, and once inside, how it is likely to cause damage. Again, this knowledge and training are vitally important in the treatment process where unnecessary treatments can be kept to a minimum. It is vitally important to understand the weak points in a home over the edge of the slab, entry via plumbing protrusions through the slab or via control joints in brickwork or slabs. Split-level houses have their treatment issues that need to be dealt with.

This article is not designed as a treatment blueprint. If you suspect you have termites, it is essential that you call a Defence Pest Management.


The Various Sorts of Damage to Timber

damage to timberThere is damage caused by Borers, Termites (both subterranean Drywood and Dampwood), decay and insects that feed on decayed timber such as carpenter ants and decay moth. And in some cases, Defibration where a chemical reaction takes place breaking down Lignin which is the material that binds fibres in timber together, basically it’s glue. Also, there are fungi which destroy timber.

Throughout Australia, various types of borers do damage to timbers in use in dwellings and commercial buildings in Australia. Borers are also found in furniture stored in homes and offices. As pest controllers in Queensland, we are called upon to identify a number of these annually. Powderpost Beetle, Furniture Beetle, Pinhole Beetle and in Queensland a beetle called Calymmaderus incisus or the Queensland Pine beetle. And to a lesser degree in the southern parts of Australia The European House Borer.

In Queensland, Defence Pest Management is most often called upon to treat a number of termite species. The most damaging species of termites in Australia, mainly because they are found throughout the Australian mainland and interior is Coptotermes spp.

In south-east Queensland, this species was the most commonly treated when I first started pest control.  Now 30 years later the species Schedorhinotermes spp appear to be the most commonly located and treated by Defence Pest Management.

As well as the above we do see Heterotermes spp. and another species Microcerotermes spp. Though these species sometimes are located inside homes, they are more generally found in retaining walls sleepers and fencing. Lastly but not least the nest builder Nasutitermes spp.

In the dryer more, tropical parts of Queensland there is a species of termites called Mastotermes sp.

A little harder to locate are drywood species of termites this species of termites attack both furniture and timber in use. Commonly called the West Indian Drywood Termite when I started in pest control I was told they were initially imported into Australia from Southeast Asia in furniture. Treatment is by fumigation. Some of the older residents of Brisbane may remember the old museum being fumigated. It has been suggested that the West Indian Drywood termite is the most damaging termite in the world. There is a local species Cryptotermes primus they are a true Drywood species and do cause damage to Timber in use.

Dampwood termites are of no significance

Decay moth and carpenter ant damage are sometimes confused with termite damage. This is why the importance of a trained Timber Pest Specialist is invaluable as these pests do not typically require treatment. The carpenter ant remove the decaying wood, and this sometimes may appear as termite damage. Similarly, with the Decay Moth.


Treatment of pinhole borer is considered unnecessary as they do not reinfest. The Powder Post Beetle may require treatment. The type of treatment will depend entirely upon the circumstances of the timber, and where it is used, the age of the wood as these beetles normally attack timber in use within the first 12 months. Again, an experienced pest controller will be able to guide the homeowner in the best manner of control. Lastly, the Furniture Beetle will require treatment, this could range from injecting insecticide into the borer holes right through to fumigation, again depended upon the size and location of the infestation in the timber.

Subterranean Termite Treatments

If damage is located in timber caused by subterranean termites, treatment will need to be undertaken. The extent of the treatment and type of treatment will depend entirely upon the species of termites the location of the activity and the degree of infestation.

When a termite nest is located treatment of the nest will destroy the entire colony, you may need to monitor areas where infestation was located to ensure all termite activity has ceased. Where a termite nest has not been located all areas of activity are treated remotely to destroy the colony. This may involve baiting, foaming (with an approved insecticide), introducing insecticidal dust directly into the termite workings. Lastly where the species are termites, and the degree in their station dictate a significant and permanent termite treated zone. Treated Zones are employed around homes and commercial buildings and have a life of up to 10 years.

Drywood Termite Treatments

The West Indian Drywood Termite will require fumigation to ensure complete control. Ongoing inspections will be required to ensure no surviving colonies. In the case of Cryptotermes primus, localized treatments are usually sufficient.

It would be my advice that you call a company like Defence Pest Management who have had the training and the expertise to identify the type of damage, determine the insects causing the problem and make recommendations for treatments if required.

All my technicians are fully trained and licensed, and the company is registered with the QBCC: with professional indemnity insurance. Defence Pest Management uses the most modern equipment, for example, Termatrac, briefly Termatrac is a microwave device that picks up movement inside walls combine this movement with high moisture and damage, and you have an elevated chance of having active termites. We also use moisture meters which are very useful in the location of termites and moisture problems that may lead to termites. Also, these moisture meters will indicate areas at high risk of decay. Lastly, we have thermal cameras – these are exciting tools that pick up subtle variations in temperature inside walls that can be caused by many different reasons. But when you look at them from the viewpoint of results, from test tapping timbers, using a moisture meter, indications from a Termatrac, it is possible to locate bivouac areas (small sub colonies) or even main colonies inside walls. The thermal camera is excellent at detecting water leaks. The inspector test taps available timbers the resonance of the tapped timbers are a good indication of termite infestation though not necessarily one that is active at the time of the inspection.

Our advice is that you undertake an annual termite inspection or if you find unexplained damage to Timber get professional advice from a qualified and experienced Timber pest specialist.


Spray and Pray Pest Control Method

Decades ago, when you call exterminators to get rid of pest problems, pest control companies would just come to your home spraying toxic pesticides. At that time, it was considered as the most effective way of managing pests. This does not include the treatment of the outdoor areas though. Question is, does spraying alone do the trick? Read more

The Confidence of Having a Termite-Free House Prior to Sale

Are you thinking about putting your property up for sale? What better way to add more value to your home than providing the assurance of a pre-sale termite inspection report. Save time and avail of a definite advantage by providing an inspection report to your prospective purchasers. Read more

Considering Termite Control During House Planning

Sometimes called ‘white ants’, termites are considered beneficial in nature as they feed off dead trees and convert them into organic matter. However, for these crawlers, the wood in buildings and other structures are just as appetising to them.


Out of hundreds of termite species all throughout Australia, about 20 of those can cause serious damages and insurmountable expenses as they are capable of eating through solid wood in buildings and homes. There is an ideal temperature and humidity that these particular species of termites require and most of the time, the timbers used in your home and garden provide just a fitting environment for them to thrive and survive.

Strategically Designing Your Home to Minimise Termite Damage

  • Designing the concrete slab with edges exposed for easy inspection.
  • Using less timber in building the structure.
  • Laying timber floor with access points for under-floor inspection.
  • Installing an interwinding system under the concrete slab to allow easy application of chemical barriers.

As you can tell, these measures are mostly barriers to hinder termites from entering your premises. As a matter of fact, there are 2 types of barriers that you can use: the physical and the chemical.

Physical Barriers

  • Metal Shields or Stainless Steel Mesh – during construction, sheets of fine stainless steel mesh can be installed under metal slabs and in external walls.
  • Granite Chip Barriers – these stone barriers are graded to a size and shape which cannot be transported by termites. The spaces between its particles are too small for termites to pass through. Stone barriers can be installed underneath the concrete slabs or surrounding it. It can also be installed beneath a suspended floor.

Chemical Barriers

During construction, termicide is applied to the soil under the slab and around the pipes, footings, conduits and other structures for a vertical barrier. For a horizontal barrier, loosened soil around the perimeter, including around pipes and service facilities, is treated during construction.

Many new buildings, homes and other structures use a termicide-treated layer of soil underneath or surrounding them. When used together with the physical barriers, it will form an unified barrier.

Other times, people consider using treated timbers to construct houses, fences and garden structures.
Then again, you must be aware of the effects of these chemicals to both the environment and your family’s health. It is recommended that only licensed pest controllers carry out the soil and timber treatment to ensure the work is done safely and effectively. Rid your home of these nasty creatures. Call us on 1300 304 725 today.

man fumigating

What You Need To Know About Structural Fumigation

When it comes to eliminating pests, Defence Pest Management uses a diverse range of pest control solutions. Depending on the type of pests and degree of infestation, we can help you eradicate pests with the use of chemical barriers, baiting and liquid termiticides. For properties with severe infestations, another common approach for pest management is structural fumigation.

Structural fumigation is pest management technology in which a property is sealed and gaseous pesticides are released in the area to eliminate the infestation. With this method, even hard-to-reach areas where nests might be located can be penetrated, thus effectively killing off even unseen pests.

Stages of Structural Fumigation

Because structural fumigation makes use of chemical substances to suffocate pests, the process involves several phases to ensure that the method is carried out effectively, efficiently and safely.

Sealing the Property

The first step is to seal the area that will be fumigated. In most cases, tents or tarps are used to cover the structure and to ensure that the pesticide remains trapped inside during the fumigation. Signs must also be put up to warn people from entering the premises.

Release of Gaseous Pesticide

Once the property is completely sealed off, the fumigant is then released inside the structure. The concentration and amount of fumigant used can vary depending on the size of the area. With a sealed environment, the gaseous pesticide will be contained within the area, allowing the fumigant to poison the pests present in the property.

This process can take days to weeks, depending on the severity of the infestation, the type of the fumigant used and the size of the area being treated.


After the fumigation is completed, the tent or tarp will then be removed and the fumigated space will be ventilated. This step is important to ensure that any poisonous substance is released and that the structure can be again safe for human habitation. Only after then will the occupants be allowed to re-enter the property.

Should I Opt for Structural Fumigation?

If you suspect a pest infestation in your property, Defence Pest Management can help you with inspections. We will first thoroughly examine your property and identify the type of pests invading your home.

Once the type of pest and location and severity of infestation have been identified, we will give you recommendations on the possible treatments that can be implemented and help you determine whether or not a structural fumigation is the most effective method.

termite on a slab of wood

Is Spot Wood Treatment Effective For Drywood Termites?

With the different types of termites and their varying nesting habits, it is necessary to use various methods of pest control to get rid of them. The location and degree of infestation is also a factor our technicians at Defence Pest Management take into consideration when recommending which treatment to use.

Dealing with Drywood Termites

Unlike subterranean termites whose colonies are often found in the soil and in damp wood, drywood termites nest in solid dry wood. Timber structures in homes, as well as furniture, can be their hiding place. Just like all other types of termites, the damage caused by drywood termites may not be immediately visible, especially because they attack the wood from the inside.

Homeowners may find wood pellets near the furniture or structure that has been invaded by drywood termites and used as their colony, but for a while, signs of infestation may be unnoticeable.

A common pest control treatment for drywood termites is structural fumigation, or the method of sealing a structure and releasing fumigants to poison the termites. However, while this is effective for large infestations, it may not be the most efficient method for infestations that are only isolated to specific areas.

Spot Wood Treatment

Localised or spot wood treatment is ideal when the drywood termite infestation affects only a part of the timber structure. Once the colony is located, a small hole can be drilled and used for injecting termiticide into the wood. Several holes may also be drilled directly into the termite galleries where the termiticide will be applied.

Advantages of Spot Wood Treatment

Since the treatment is restricted to certain areas, there will be no need for disrupting the activities in the entire property unlike with structural fumigation. Spot wood treatment is also considerably less expensive than structural fumigation.

Disadvantages of Spot Wood Treatment

Spot wood treatment is generally effective for eliminating drywood termites. However, to ensure that the treatment has a lasting effect, the location of the termites must be carefully determined. Because the termites are located inside the wall and are not readily visible, there is a risk that some infested parts of the structure may not be treated, leaving the termites to continuously grow in numbers.

Ensuring Your Property is Free from Drywood Termites

A thorough and complete pest inspection of your property is the first step to making sure that no infested spot will be left amiss. The Defence Pest Management team, with the use of our high-quality inspection equipment, will take every necessary step to locate termite colonies around your property. Once the locations of pest infestation are determined and confirmed, we will help you decide on the most convenient and effective solution for eradicating the infestation.


What You Need To Know About Pest Control Technicians

Although do-it-yourself pest control can be done with the use of pest treatments from your local hardware store, this still isn’t as effective as having your property inspected by qualified technicians. At Defence Pest Management, we have an excellent team of licensed inspectors who can handle all your pest control needs – from inspections, all the way to eradicating pests and preventing future infestations.

The Training of Our Workforce

Defence Pest Management technicians are fully insured and licensed, so you can be confident that you have the right people handling your pest problems. Our technicians have undergone thorough and comprehensive training to ensure that we can provide the best quality of service possible.

The training our technicians have undergone allows them to assess and treat pests.

Assess pest control options

As pest management professionals it is necessary that technicians have the appropriate and up-to-date knowledge as to which methods can be used to effectively eliminate pests and prevent recurring infestations in a specific environment.

Modify environment to manage pests

In most instances, it will be required to modify the setup of a property and recreate the physical conditions – either outdoors or indoors – in order to address the pest problem. Our technicians have been trained to understand the proper selection and use of equipment to achieve the necessary modifications, while still keeping the environment safe for habitation.

Implement pest control plans and treatment

There are various types of pest control treatment, including the use of chemical and physical barrier systems. It is a must that the person doing the job has the right skills for the safe use and adequate handling of the materials to be used, and can successfully implement pest management plans according to the proposed method.

Recommend pest management options to clients

The nature and extent of an infestation can vary from one property to another, and so do the specific requirements of every client. With the right information about pest activities in a property and an in-depth understanding of client requirements, our technicians are able to recommend pest management options, not only to control the current problem, but also to reduce the potential risk of pest infestations in the future.

Inspect and control timber pests

The methods for controlling timber pests, such as termites, are not the same as the methods for eradicating rodents, cockroaches or other types of pests. In most cases, the damage and threat caused by timber pests are larger than those of other pests, hence, a completely different approach is needed to deal with termites.

To effectively get rid of timber pests, a technician should be equipped with the proper training to handle the required tasks for managing termites, including trainings on the proper installation of protective barriers to prevent termites from invading your property.

white ants

Barrier System And Baiting Methods For Eradicating White Ants

White ants, or termites, are undeniably one of the most destructive pests that can invade any type of property. For as long as there are cellulose-based materials found in your home, including wooden furniture and timber that white ants can feed on, then there is always a risk of infestation.

Methods of Termite Control

But while almost every home in Australia is at risk of pest infestation, there are also ways to control and even eradicate the termites. At Defence Pest Management, we begin with inspecting your home to determine the type and degree of infestation. Our team will then come up with methods of pest control and elimination that is most effective for your specific requirements.

Chemical Barrier System

Liquid Termiticides

A widely-used termite treatment at Defence Pest Management, liquid termiticides act as a barrier system so that termites will not be able to enter your home. This is most useful for getting rid of subterranean termites that begin their invasion from the ground.

Subterranean termites nest in the soil, creating tunnel-like passages to move from one area to another. They require plenty of moisture for survival and mainly feed on damp, rotten wood, such as trees and untreated timber. And because they move underground, they are hardly seen or noticed as they attack your property.

The liquid termiticides can be applied to the soil, thus treating it by repelling and killing the subterranean termites. Liquid termiticides can often last for years, but the frequency of application can vary depending on your circumstances.

Baiting Method

Sentricon White Ant Control System

Baiting is another effective method for managing and eliminating termites, where a poisoned cellulose-based material is used as a bait to get rid of an entire termite colony. Specifically, the Sentricon white ant control system uses several bait stations that are placed in the ground. These bait stations contain food for the termite, which the worker termites will gather and bring back to their nest.

Since their food is poisoned, the termites will gradually die, including the queen, making it impossible for their colony to survive and continue infesting your property.

Preventing Termite Infestations

Before any infestation can even begin, you can already prevent the termites from even getting attracted to your home. Always keep any cellulose-based materials outside your home – mulch, pile of woods, trees – away from the perimeter of the main structure.

You should also have your property inspected and treated, not only for termites but also other pests, including spiders, ants, cockroaches, silverfish, mites and fleas, at least once a year.